The Collaboration for Research Excellence in Africa
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"Strengthening Research Capacity in Africa"

'Strengthening Researchapacitypy in Africa'


Stillbirth Rates, Associated Risk Factors And Psychosocial Impact At The Buea And Limbe Regional Hospitals: A Case-Control Study
Ewane Edwin Nkwelle, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Buea, Cameroon


Background: Birth often signifies new life, and brings joy to both the parents and obstetrician, and is a positive and fulfilling experience. About 2.6 million stillbirths occur globally each year, with the highest burden in sub-Saharan Africa. Unfortunately, there is a mismatch of burden to action concerning the topic. Because stillbirths are not reported routinely in the vital statistics in many low-income countries (LIC), much is still unknown on its causes and associated risk factor. Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) did not include stillbirths making stillbirth a neglected tragedy.

Objectives: This study will aim at determining the prevalence, associated risk factors and psychosocial problems of stillbirth in the BRH and LRH.

Methods: This will be a hospital-based cross sectional case control study in which files of patients with stillbirth (cases) will be analysed and controls will be a life birth in the same maternity during the same period.
Socio-demographic data, data on obstetric and medical histories and the current pregnancy will be recorded in the questionnaire. Participants will be contacted physically and on phone to obtain data on psychosocial impact. Data will be stored and analysed using Epi Data 3.4.0 and SPSS version 23. We will compare percentages between two groups using Chi square test. Odd ratios, 95% confidence intervals and p-values will be estimated to identify associations between independent variables (predictor) and stillbirth (outcome). Significance level will be set at a p value less than 0.05.

Expected results: We expect to show a high prevalence of stillbirth at the Buea and Limbe Regional Hospitals and its association with preventable risk factors and psychosocial problems.

Keywords: Still birth, Risk factors, Psychosocial impact, Case control study

Author: Ewane Edwin Nkwelle
Study Country: Cameroon
Affiliated Institution: University of Buea
Study Type: MD Thesis
State Of Research: Ongoing